1. The Removal of Emergency Support for Banks
The FPC worried about the flexibility of lending and borrowing and started measures it expects would make banks offer up to £150bn of loans to household and firms – after the UK had voted for Brexit last June.
The Bank of England did this by decreasing the number of capital banks had to hold against bad times – this allows them to drop their extra capital buffers from 0.5% of assets to 0.
It said this emergency rate would remain in place until June 2017 and, in March, the FPC said it would make a full evaluation of whether to increase the buffer to a neutral level. With no deficit of credit, the FPC is poised to increase the buffer, but any change will not be immediate. The FPC typically gives banks a year’s notice of any raise. The FPC is also likely to tighten the computation of the liquidity ratio, again reversing action taken quickly after the vote, ensuring that banks hold more liquid assets as a buffer in the time to come.
2. Consumer Borrowing Concerns
The Bank of England has said it is getting worried about the rise of consumer credit. Car loans, credit card debt and personal loans have been increasing at yearly rates above 10%. Even if mortgage debt is much bigger than consumer debt, the Bank of England worries that the default rates are expected to be much higher especially in a world of unstable and fast consumer credit growth. It has already requested a review of banks’ underwriting standards in consumer credit – specifically the interest-free periods in credit card lending. This meeting is the FPC’s chance to damp consumer credit growth. Choices include restrictions on low initial “teaser” interest rates on credit cards.
3. Car Finance
Britain’s has taken to buying old and new cars on credit. This is through personal contract payment deals that increase the risk of the devaluation of a car’s value between the finance provider and the client. But as a glut of new vehicles sold in the past few years lowers the price of used vehicles, the Bank of England is worried that troubles in the market could multiply, hurting both finance providers and consumers. Carmakers have also been hit by the decline in the value of the pound, which has raised import prices. The financial stability report will evaluate the risks in the car finance market — and whether risks to the stability of the wider financial system have risen as the popularity of car loans has increased.
4. House Worries
The FPC has already limited lenders’ capacity to give a high loan to income mortgages, and it will advise on whether loan books have retained the resilience of the past. The report always assesses risks in the mortgage market, because it is by some margin the most famous destination for lending in Britain. Residential and commercial mortgage lending growth has been controlled in recent months, so the focus is expected to be directed more at the affordability of loan and whether the growing pessimism in the housing market with recent declines in house prices might lead to financial stability risks in the banking sector.